MicroWiki logo competition underway

MICROWIKI – Micronational artists have a chance to leave their mark on one of the more active community forums as MicroWiki has begun a six-week competition to replace its current logos.

“The current logo is a bit rubbish,” said Kit McCarthy, its creator, tongue-in-cheek. “Everyone uses that same globe icon.”

So what’s in a logo, in the eyes of the MicroWiki administration team? The successful submission will be “stylish, clean and modern, but quirky and distinctive” according to the competition guidelines published by McCarthy. Whether the logo appears on the forums or on the wiki, it must maintain a consistent brand image. Importantly, the logo cannot be interpreted as politically-biased or micronation-specific. For those with a festive personality, the submission may also include seasonal variations, such as for Christmas.

Everyone with an interest is eligible to enter the competition by October 1. Each entry must include a forum header image, a wiki logo, and a favicon.

The MicroWiki administration team will prune submissions down to a shortlist that will ultimately go to a public vote, though a timeframe has not been published for that phase as of press time.

Interview: Kit McCarthy

CS: Mr McCarthy, thank you for sitting down with us again. If I were to contrast the Kit McCarthy who sat down for an interview in 2015 with the one before me today, I think the biggest difference I would see is an intense focus on all-things judiciary in nature. What drives your personal interest in the administration of justice?

It’s not so much the administration of justice, but law that is a great personal interest. To me, it’s an absolute fundamental of any state. Even those without complicated legal systems are all in some way based upon it. I believe a stable, if not especially advanced legal system, is an absolute essential for most micronations. It allows us to regulate ourselves and it can be a fascinating thing to experiment with.

It has to be said that originally law bored me to an extreme. Indeed, it took me over a year to write any legislation for Mcarthia at all. Our original constitution, written by me at the tender age of twelve, gave our citizens only five rights; by comparison, the current constitution lists over forty. Honestly, I’m not sure what changed. The Maelternt, which I adored at the time and now look at with repulsion, was the start of my legal interests. It’s just developed from there, I suppose.

CS: How can a micronation balance the benefits of a judiciary with the rights of the citizen, or with the need to not alienate participation?

A judiciary by nature should not be threatening the rights of its citizens, it should be protecting them. So long as the law is adhered to and due process is followed, there should be no issue with rights being infringed. Indeed, I hope that micronational courts are defending their citizens.

Still, court cases have got a bad name recently and I can see why. They are either utterly meaningless, jurisdictionally questionable, or really just another name for an online flame war. I’m really frustrated by this. I don’t see a functioning legal system and citizen participation as incompatible. It is true that an aggressive legal system, particularly with regards to criminal prosecutions, could be intensely off putting, but it doesn’t have to be like that if we do things sensibly. The state has a responsibility to follow the law to the letter, and the community has a responsibility to recognise that law.

I think we need to particularly counter the culture of civil actions being hostile things. I would like to see a community where pursuing civil actions was regarded not as a personal attack, but just a formal way of resolving an issue. We often forget the nature of a civil action. It doesn’t have to be that we’re accusing someone of being negligent and are demanding compensation. It could just be that we want to push an authority to comply with legislation, for instance. If we could change the anti-court mindset that I think has become predominant in the community, judiciaries would be able to benefit the community far better.

CS: Changing the anti-court mindset is a reasonable goal, but how do we get there is the challenge. Are there some first steps that you’d suggest to start the ball rolling on this cultural change?

First of all, we need to be much more careful in the cases we pursue and how we do so. Frivolous litigation, illegal extraterritorial trials, and so on, are never going to improve the image of court cases. We must only pursue cases that are legal and necessary. If someone is being prosecuted for a criminal offence, there needs to be public legislation stating that it is a crime. We must follow procedural law. We must act in accordance with due process. Courts and law enforcement services must act totally above board. There needs to be trust.

Just as damaging as a dodgy judiciary is a lack of respect for the role of courts. All micronationalists have a role to play in respecting the rule of law. If a case is legal, micronationalists should promptly comply with court orders and sentences, and the proceedings should not be called out as ‘invalid,’ or ‘a show trial.’ The courts must respect the people, and the people must respect the law.

CS: Your “sandbox” for translating your interest into a practical experiment has largely been your micronation of Mcarthia. Would you share with our readers some of Mcarthia’s successes in law and justice, as well as perhaps give a glimpse of planned future projects?

I think our biggest success is simply the establishment of our legal system. I think it fair to call it considerably advanced, and has a lot of legislation structuring it. We’ve so far had four cases: the one lawsuit was eventually dismissed, and the other three have been ‘cases in rem,’ where queries about the meaning of the law were raised.

Having these cases has been fantastic. It is remarkable how much a system can develop through the hearing of a single case, both in terms of procedure and case law. It’s been quite hard to get our heads round the legislation we ourselves wrote! All of these things really just take practise, so the more cases of any kind we can have, the better for our legal development.

With regards to the future, the most important thing to do is keep the judiciary active. While we haven’t had a criminal case yet, it is reasonably likely we will end up with one in the next few months. I anticipate also a number of other civil cases. There’ll be work on the law enforcement side of things as well. The Police and Intelligence Act (2017) established two new subsidiary bodies of the National Police Service: the National Investigations Office and the Mcarthian Intelligence Service. I predict both of these starting to take more of a role.

The major project I am working on at the moment is the codification and monumental expansion of our legislation. The Code of the Republic of Mcarthia, as it is called, is inspired by the masterpiece of legal writing that is the Universal Triumvirate Code, and will certainly rival it in length. So far, it’s 77 pages long, and we’ve barely started on it. It ranges from ethics to select committees, criminal justice social work to task forces, security vetting to the protection of diplomats; it goes on. I am really excited about the completion of the code. If enacted, it will give Mcarthia a good claim to being one of the most legally developed micronations in the community.

A new organisation (dare I say it) has also been mooted, potentially independent of government. Justice Intermicronational, as is the working name, would be a group trying to encourage legal due process and ethics. I cannot say for certain if this proposal will come to anything, but it could be a valuable development if it did.

CS: That sandbox also extends to the international arena, through your efforts at GUM to develop the Secretariat for Conflict Resolution and Intermicronational Law (SCRIL). What motivated you to propose the Secretariat’s creation?

Last December, I made a statement to the Quorum about how I wanted to see the GUM taking an active role in mediation and international law. I thought it particularly disappointing that people had been calling on the GUM to provide conciliation services and it hadn’t been doing anything about it.

The SCRIL provides a formal framework for GUM-led mediations, and I think that already it is starting to prove itself. It served for instance to resolve the Paravia-Dachenia dispute and all parties were very grateful as to the services we provided. It’s also working on a number of legal projects, including an enormous law guide for micronationalists.

I was motivated to create it because I was becoming increasingly frustrated by the GUM‘s stagnation at that time and because I wanted to ensure we were taking an active role in the promotion of community peace. I also wanted international law to become a larger part of our community.

CS: Can you give us a brief insight into what sort of material the law guide will include?

A bit of everything, really. It starts off with basics about statehood, power, and the rule of law, and goes on to deal with different legal systems, motions and orders, extradition, sentencing, criminal records, codification, double jeopardy, impeachments, judicial reviews, the meaning of the letter ‘R’ in case stylings, how to write legislation, ethics, clerking, and even extraordinary rendition. Whether we’ll actually finish it is another thing!

CS: I’m going to play devil’s advocate for a moment. How relevant are micronational courts truly, insofar as any punishment imposed is generally unenforceable or mere inconvenience? For example, fines cannot be enforced, and banishment easily circumvented using available technologies if one wishes.

I think micronational courts are enormously relevant! It’s true that sentencing options can be limited in criminal matters, but that’s not true for civil cases at all. If a body is under a court’s jurisdiction, any number of injunctions can be ordered. Courts are very valuable in resolving conflict, even if in some cases it doesn’t necessarily look like it at first.

Courts aren’t really in micronations to punish lawbreakers because there aren’t that many in our community. Courts are there to make the law meaningful. A lot of time in this community is spent working in legislatures but all this work goes to waste if there is no way of enforcing law (and I mean law generally, not necessarily in the criminal sense).

The role of a judiciary in interpreting law is hugely valuable as well. Honestly, micronational law is rarely as watertight as expertly written macronational legislation, so having someone deciding on how it should be viewed is essential to prevent conflict.

CS: You’ve recently floated an idea of using court-imposed unpaid fines as backing for a national currency. As you said yourself, it’s a strange but unique idea. As I read your proposal, I admittedly felt uneasy, in that I envisioned the commoditization of punishment being fatal to a small, close-knit community such as a micronation. How would you balance the use of the courts as a currency generator with the administration of justice?

I mean, the concept was highly theoretical. I don’t imagine it coming to anything, both for the reasons you mentioned, and also because the very small number of fines that a micronational court would ever impose would unlikely be enough to sustain a currency. I am still quite curious about how the idea might be developed into an ABS – asset backed security. I wouldn’t feel comfortable talking about it too much at this stage, because frankly I haven’t spent a lot of time developing it.

Central MicroWiki figure announces step-back

A prominent face of the MicroWiki Community, Kit McCarthy, has announced that he is stepping back from his wide-ranging duties and projects.

“I’m afraid I’m absolutely addicted,” announced McCarthy in an address to the community, reflecting on his one-year involvement in micronationalism. It was during that year that he developed a strong appreciation for the community and its participants, describing a sense of belonging that he latched onto as a result of shared interests. “I love it,” he said of micronationalism and the MicroWiki Community.

With major changes at home and at school, however, McCarthy has decided to invest time in other aspects of his life as a means to achieve a balance. The “multiple hours a day” he has spent in micronationalism, where he has headed up a plethora of projects from journalism to education to economics, was nonetheless without regret. “One year … has taught me more than nine in school,” he admitted, “but I want to put that learning into some sort of real world context.”

McCarthy will not be a stranger to the community moving forward, despite the reduction in his participation. He hopes to continue to attend meetings of the Grand Unified Micronational organization and the Mercian Parliament, as well as to continue his work on some of his more established community projects. “I just won’t be starting a new organization every week,” he commented cheekily.

Boycotters found “MicroWorld” forum

The MicroWiki boycott movement, started by the Universal Triumvirate on June 14 in response to perceived management inaction on Markus Abernathy’s controversial anti-Muslim comments, has become more entrenched with the founding of its own community forum.

Created by Horatio Eden, the “MicroWorld” forum is meant to provide a place for individuals participating in the boycott to congregate and discuss matters of common interest. As of press time, eleven individuals have registered accounts with the forums, including other prominent participants in the boycott such as Kit McCarthy, Henry Twain, and Lancelot Rice, though fewer have begun active involvement in its discussions.

Admittedly little different from the existing MicroWiki community forum in structure, MicroWorld features a less-comprehensive ruleset for participants, with the major rule being a requirement to be respectful toward each other’s opinion and not derail discussions with irrelevant comments. Eden has promised to enforce that rule “ruthlessly”, given the group’s perception that the MicroWiki administration team was failing to do the same with Abernathy. The MicroWiki administration team instead encouraged its members to ignore hateful comments by Abernathy, which would serve as a means of discouraging him in the future (by depriving him of his audience); however, that measure failed to satisfy certain individuals’ desire to see Abernathy more sternly punished.

Since its creation just days ago, the forum has already attracted criticism from one member of the MicroWiki community. Julian Shelley, the President of Lumania, colourfully suggested that MicroWorld exists “because you guys couldn’t grow up and take a little hate.” He encouraged the participants to “[not] be baby’s [sic]and be real political leaders,” by ignoring Abernathy’s hateful comments and returning to MicroWiki’s forums.

Twain dismissed the criticism. “We are very much acting like real political leaders … real political leaders do not affiliate with the sorts of behaviour … that has been going on [at] the MicroWiki,” he said.


The founding of the MicroWorld forum suggests that the boycott movement is seeking to attain some longevity, by providing a more convenient means of communication between its participants. The forum’s small base will need to remain dedicated in the long-term if the forum is to last and grow as a community in its own right.

If its creation is meant only as a measure in a protest movement, it may ultimately fade into history as hurt feelings and sensibilities pass, and participants seek to reintegrate with the larger MicroWiki community. That said, with Markus Abernathy unlikely to be punished as demanded, and even more unlikely to leave the MicroWiki community forums, MicroWorld may become a fixture in the wider micronational community as time moves forward.

Still, as a protest tool, it is unlikely to succeed in pressuring the MicroWiki administration into taking action against Abernathy, given that the MicroWiki community forums retain a healthy base post-boycott. As such, it’s better that MicroWorld be less motivated to be billed as a less “hate-filled” alternative to MicroWiki, and instead focus its energies on determining how it can provide a relevant service to its participants and taking the necessary steps to provide the same.

Interview: Henry Twain

CS: A two-year micronational career has seen you delve into business, journalism, and political office, including the presidency of the former Federated States of America. Can you tell us a bit about what drew you to micronationalism and what you consider your signature contribution to date and why?

HT: For the most part I like to think that my climax in my micronational career is yet to come, however if I had to select my signature contribution to date, it would have to be my journalism at the Daily Micronational. You see, the Federated States of America was fun, but I felt like that was more of a way to get me into the community. My future in micronationalism is, ironically, going to have little to do with being a micronationalist and more of being in the micronational sphere. This means writing articles, reporting on stories, making The Micronation Report, and venturing into the micronational private sector. The Quetican Islands is actually going to do little as a government. It’s mostly there solely for the business venture. I’m focusing on reporting in the future, as I think that’s where I’ve seen myself more proud of my work, while in terms of government I’m mostly retired.

CS: In a news article you authored in the Daily Micronational recently, you stated that “micronational economics have never played a significant role in the makeup of the cheeky hobby,” suggesting that a more white-collar approach is required to see success in the field. What will it generally take to create a white-collar economy in micronationalism and what is your greater vision for micronational economics?

HT: While I don’t mean to be smug about it, I’ve spent much, much time studying economics. Years, in fact. Yet, micronational economics is so, so much different from your average economy because a true micronational economy run as private businesses has never really happened before. What we’re doing in in Quetico is acting as pioneers. The fact is that no nation will truly rise to prominence in this day and age without having an economic staple, while as of this point ninety percent of micronations either don’t have an economy or are a fledgling banana republic. What it will take to create a white-collar economy is isolation, which is why I’ve had to make citizenship mandatory to participate in Quetico Street. If that wasn’t the case, it would simply be a ton of Kings and Presidents running corporations. That’s not a private sector. When we make citizenship mandatory, King Bob of Bobistan becomes Citizen Bob of Quetico in the business venture. So isolation is the very first step. The second step is capitalism. You need a clear capitalist agenda for any economy to flourish, especially in micronationalism. What we’re creating in Quetico is a nice, soft mattress for any business to lay on, a mattress softer than any other. The third step is lots and lots of promotion, which is the phase Kit (McCarthy) and I are in right now. More so, my greater vision for micronational economics is for it to become something that can run without my oversight. After Quetico Street can run without me, I’d say we’ve pretty much changed micronationalism forever.

CS: One specific project that you’ve announced is Quetico Street, which you bill as the “very first true micronational private sector”. It’s an ambitious project, with a detailed plan for start-up that spans from now to January 2017. What would you like our readers to know about the project and how can they get involved?

HT: Quetico Street is a project I’ve launched with the intention of creating a micronational private sector where people can exchange Micronational Dollar. It is very ambitious, however can be done. We are planning to open the Stock Exchange on Wednesday, granted we get the full support of the community. I’ve heard people questioning why micronationalists should do this, and the answer is easy. This is going to change micronationalism forever, make it much more respectable, and even give secessionist micronations a larger chance at independence! It is going to give you a way to spend Micronational Dollar, give you ways to make Micronational Dollar, and give you a Stock Exchange to cooperate with fellow micronationalists on! I think that while we are all concerned about our own micronations, we all also want the best for the general community and we want to have fun doing it. Quetico Street is the way to do it. Anyone can get involved by either starting a business, just buying stock, or doing as little as becoming a citizen and gaining easy access to all the products. This is so easy, and anyone can get really involved or really not involved, there is honestly little reason to not do it.

CS: In order to participate in Quetico Street’s stock exchange, currently a business will need to have its Chief Executive Officer hold citizenship in the Quetican Islands, and those who wish to buy and sell stock will similarly need such citizenship. This news service for one has voiced its concern that this may limit participation in the stock exchange. How do you respond to that concern?

HT: Honestly, it probably will limit participation. But it’s the only way for this to work. As I said earlier, the first step in this is keeping it isolated, at least at first. We need to establish the boundaries of where this economy begins and ends, else it won’t be a private sector, but a group of businesses managed by Kings. I don’t think citizenship should stop people from getting involved, especially when our citizenship process is extremely easy. This is such a new idea being put in play that we have no clue how it’s going to turn out. But we know that it needs to be a private sector, and it needs to be clear that it’s one economy. We are working to establish a private sector economy, not a bunch of sort-of private businesses financially based out of different micronations.

CS: Your latest micronational endeavour is the Democratic Republic of the Quetican Islands, founded on May 10th. So far the micronation is in its developmental infancy, though its clear that economics will play a central theme with Quetico Street. Can you tell our readers about what else you envision the Quetican Islands as being? What immediate steps do you plan for reaching that vision?

HT: Well, I’ve been the founder and co-founder of several micronations in my time, I’ve begun to classify myself as a ‘micronational experimenter.’ All municipalities, provinces or states, and nations all need to have a staple that brings them to their climax. I believe that micronations are, at most, at the economic capacity to operate like a city does. Something that has made New York City great is the huge, diverse economy and the corporate Wall Street and Stock Exchange. Quetico is my way of promoting an agenda for white collar micronationalism. It all starts in Quetico with us building the micronational New York City. If that plan fails, so does Quetico. Immediately, we need to open the Stock Exchange and Quetico Street, and we need to keep the economic plan updated. Most importantly right now is getting involved people, and getting businesses that can actually produce Micronational Dollar.

CS: Touching back on your contributions to the Daily Micronational, I understand that your venture into journalism is a recent one as well. What motivated you to become a journalist?

HT: Well, I’ve gotten really worn out with the bureaucratic efforts for my micronations. After I dissolved the Atlantic Commonwealth, I decided to take a break from government. Of course, when I came up with the idea of Quetico Street the next day I had to establish a micronation to do it, but the micronation was only founded for the economic effort, I’m not that invested in the government. But I’ve just always loved writing, and I wanted to contribute to the micronational community in a constructive way, so I became the second writer for the Daily Micronational. Journalism has been my proudest micronational work so far. In the future, when I am able to resign my post as Overseer of Quetico Street and leave it to someone else, I’m going to turn only to journalism and my new show, The Micronation Report With Henry Twain.

CS: Any final thoughts?

HT: Just two. First, the great thing about a capitalist economy is that it is run by the people. And what we are doing on Quetico Street requires participation. Here, with your enthusiasm, creativity, and participation, we are going to be able to change the way people look at micronationalism. You don’t have to be secessionist to do this, in fact, I myself am not secessionist. But if you want people to look at your micronation and see it as a respectable project, whether secessionist or not, Quetico Street is the way to do it. We are going to build a real micronational economy. Join us today.

Stock exchange plan announced for M$

Two months after the founding of the Micronational Dollar (M$) by Kit McCarthy, the intermicronational currency continues to mature with the announcement of a comprehensive plan to develop a stock exchange that will trade in it.

The Quetico Microinternational Stock Exchange will form an integral part of “Quetico Street”, the brain-child of Henry Twain, who described the Street as “the revolutionary micronational private sector,” and a project that will seek to emulate Wall Street in New York City.

The exchange would form a cornerstone of Quetico Street and be developed as part of a four-phase plan that centres around the development of the micronation itself. Much of the monetary policy and necessary agreements, such as the partnership with the Micronational Dollar Institute, are anticipated to be rolled-out within the next six weeks, with a website for the stock exchange coming online by May 30. The bulk of the stock exchange’s development would not occur until December 25, when stock market indices are to be opened, with full independent operations expected to commence on January 3, 2017.

In addition to its economic scope, the exchange is also a project that is geared toward netting the Quetican Islands new citizens. While a micronational business anywhere in the community will be allowed to freely join the exchange, membership will be contingent on its Chief Executive Officer being a registered and approved citizen of the Quetican Islands. The buying and selling of stock on the exchange will similarly be limited to only those who are citizens of the Quetican Islands, said Twain, as he advertised a link to the micronation’s citizenship application for those interested in joining the project.

If a business does decide to join the exchange, it will have to enter into a short operating contract that will require it to move its headquarters to the Quetican Islands. The contract will also require the business to impose a 7pc tariff on its exports of goods and services outside of the Quetican Islands, and in the event of dissolution, any funds left in the business’ account will be shared between the Quetico Street Overseer’s Office and the Micronational Dollar Institute.

As of publishing, the concept has been well-received by several members of the MicroWiki Community, including McCarthy who expressed his interest in starting a hedge fund investment centred on Quetico Street.


A well-developed plan for creating a centre of micronational finance for the MicroWiki Community risks being overshadowed by head-hunting for citizens by the Quetican Islands.

The micronational community is a small one in which the majority of participants wish to be their own ruler or are otherwise intently loyal to one micronation. To require that a person obtain Quetican citizenship in order to participate in what is billed as an intermicronational market it to risks alienating that participation. To be forced to acquire another citizenship in order to participate in buying and selling stocks is a tenuous strategy for Twain to adopt.

This strategy is even riskier when one considers that the portion of the micronational population who are actually interested in participating in finance and economics is much smaller than the general populace, so to alienate one person by the citizenship requirement is far more devastating to a finance and economics project than a general-interest one. In this author’s 15 years in micronationalism, most finance and economics projects suffer a debilitating decline in months, rather than years, due to the limited audience to which they appeal, and that’s without any barriers to participation such as citizenship requirements.

Another key barrier is the need for businesses to move their headquarters to the Quetican Islands. As most micronational businesses are nationalized, this policy may serve to exclude some of the community’s most important companies due to the legal and territorial issues associated with surrendering the flag to another jurisdiction. That said, Twain can overcome this should he make clear that a subsidiary of the company can simply be headquartered in the Quetican Islands.

M$ gets business moving in MicroWiki

Since its introduction to the MicroWiki community on March 10, Kit McCarthy’s Micronational Dollar (M$) initiative has renewed local interest in cross-border economics.

“It has long been an aim of mine to start an intermicronational currency,” said McCarthy in announcing the M$’s introduction, adding that he hoped the currency would “allow micronationalists to run functioning, profitable businesses – the first step towards an actual micronational economy.”

McCarthy was inspired by the currency used in the Universal Triumvirate, a simulationist micronation that operates an extensive economic simulation based around its local currency, the Tri, and its provision of services based predominantly in the advertising, legal, newspaper, and recruitment industries.

The M$ itself is maintained using a series of Google Sheets and Forms that allow for transactions to be undertaken, which are recorded in account ledgers maintained by McCarthy, who at present heads the associated Micronational Dollar Institute (MDI) and Intermicronational Bank (IB).

As it is purely virtual and not tied to any macronational currency at present, it is hard to assign value to the M$, though a market basket, predominantly consisting of products offered by McCarthy’s various businesses, has been used to estimate its initial value to be approximately £2.33, in order to assist users in visualizing its purchasing power. McCarthy expects this value to fluctuate and become more refined, and has offered a M$5 reward to whoever can create the best method of valuation.

Initial reaction to the introduction of the currency was generally positive, and it has spurred the creation of several business initiatives. Of the 38 accounts registered so far with the IB, 15 are held by non-MDI business or banking interests.

The National Bank of Loquntia has adopted the M$ and is offering interest-bearing savings accounts and loans to customers in the currency, noting that it is willing to underwrite the accounts and loans with United States Dollars and silver bullion. Meanwhile, Emperor Nicholai Fredriksson of Førvania, in creating an account for Fredriksson Media, voiced his excitement to “become the next Kerry Packer or Rupert Murdoch.” Adding to the interest, those who create a new account with the IB receive an upfront grant of M$10 as a means of allowing them to get their feet wet in the associated economy.

Yet there is reservation to the initiative. An editorial by Aeton Stesanor Hilaera in the Spanish-language Heraldo de Hermenepolis voiced concern over the virtual status of the M$, suggesting that its valuation will be whatever the users want to believe they deserve, as opposed to something reflective of credible economics. Hilaera further suggested that the reliance on spreadsheets and forms to administer the M$ was an “obsolete and outdated model” that is unsustainable.

Regardless, the interest and participation generated by the M$ remains a positive for micronational economies, especially given that the difficulty in creating and sustaining a meaningful virtual economy over the Internet for micronations has long been considered somewhat of a “Holy Grail” for the community.

The Coprieta Standard’s Analysis of the M$

The M$ is the latest in a line of virtual intermicronational currencies used by Internet micronations to create, or simulate, economies dating back to the early days of the Micras community in 2001. It is the first major such currency that has been readily embraced and given a solid start since much of the Micras community adopted the common SCUE currency unit in 2009 to allow for ease of intermicronational trade.

A keen interest of McCarthy, the M$ is neither revolutionary in design nor function, but it has nonetheless renewed interest in intermironational trade amongst several MicroWiki nations and micronationalists, as demonstrated by the 38 accounts that have been created so far with the Intermicronational Bank.

The major potential failing point for the currency is the administrative burden required to maintain it. All transactions and account balances require manual updating by McCarthy or his successor in a series of spreadsheets, and he must also respond to any inquiries by users for transaction histories, as this information is not publicly accessible. Once interest is lost on the part of the administrator or an unavoidable absence in required, the system will fail and the M$ will fade into history, as has been demonstrated dozens, if not more, times dating back to the popular rise of Internet micronationalism.

This rudimentary administrative system for the M$ is its Achilles-heel but one that can be addressed by the Micronational Dollar Institute adopting one of the various automated systems developed within micronationalism. One such system is phpBank, a standalone package that was developed and refined by Micrans more than decade ago, and presently used by SCUE. The program allows users to log into a password-protected account, conduct transactions, and view balances, without the need for administrative burden. The stock exchange companion to phpBank provides greater functionality (though it is not as refined in function as the bank) including the issuance and purchase of loans from banks and individuals.

Yet even with greater automation, the M$ may not remain relevant, much as the SCUE unit, for all the ease of administration it has due to its use of phpBank, has slipped into irrelevance for its users and their micronations.

The key to making the M$ a success will be for McCarthy and its users to create real value for the currency. The focus on a purely service-based economy is a good start, but this focus is no different than that undertaken by many micronations and intermicronational organizations before with only short-term success.

The M$ needs to become a component of micronationalists’ participation in their micronations so as to ingrain in it real value for users, rather than leaving it to be a currency used only by those who wish to delve into business ventures. Until that time, the upfront grant of M$10 and every M$ earned thereafter will be ultimately meaningless, as has been demonstrated countless times in the last 16 years.